MEDIEVAL EUROPEAN JETON
Our MEDIEVAL EUROPEAN JETON was from Nuremberg.
The lettering around the edge show that it was struck by one of the most famous producers, Hans Krauwinckel.
Also dates to the latter half of the 16thCentury.
Jetons like this have been found all over the country,
Though concentrated in Norfolk and London. Interestingly, two have been found near to Leiston .
MEDIEVAL EUROPEAN JETON-06-21-mm-1-2-grams-krauwinckel
Nuremberg: This city was the prime source of the jettons used in Britain from the middle of the 16th century.
The earliest seems to be a very extensive series of mostly small (approx 20mm) brass counters.
with an amazing variety of types, including bishop, horse, monkey, shields,
and also the reichapfel or orb which is almost a Nuremberg trade mark.
These early pieces have been found on pre-reformation sites and probably date from the first quarter of the 16th century.
From about the middle of the 16th century it became common for the maker’s name to appear,
and a list of some of the more commonly seen names is given later.
Some of the types of counters from Nuremberg are extraordinarily common, particularly the type with the orb on one side and a circle of crowns and lis on the other.
These were issued from 1550 to 1630 approx. and turn up in almost every excavation anywhere in the country.
Other types commonly seen depict a ship, the lion of Venice, or a merchant reckoning with counters. In addition to these general types there are a great many rather medallic counters mostly issued by Hans Krauwinkel or Wolf Laufer, sometimes in sets.
The Nuremberg counters continued to be struck for use as card counters after their use for reckoning of accounts ceased.
and to this class must be added the series of brass counters depicting the portraits of reigning British Monarchs.
These run without a break from Charles II to George III; the fact that they are of contemporary manufacture can be deduced from the maker’s name which invariably appears.
Their issue continued until the First World War when Lauer, the principal manufacturer went over to the production of emergency tokens or notmunzen.